E. C. Smith Herbarium (ACAD)

Today, the E. C. Smith Herbarium contains over 200,000 specimens, including vascular plants, bryophytes, and fungi. It is the largest herbarium in Atlantic Canada and the first Canadian herbarium to have a digital database with scanned images of the collection. The Acadia Herbarium began as an initial gift to Dr. H. G. Perry of a small collection made by G. U. Hay of St. John, New Brunswick. Included in this collection were a few plants collected by J. Fowler of New Brunswick before he went to Queen's University. These first specimens were collected between 1868 and 1880. Some of the plants were cultivated and some were from the United States. Subsequently, in these early years, the additions were made chiefly through the work of Dr. H. G. Perry and his students. No records were available until the collection numbered some 6,000 sheets. Included in the 6,000, however, are a number of sheets from the Gray Herbarium Expeditions to Nova Scotia in 1920 and 1921. Of the specimens above the 6000 count, the majority have been added by the work of Dr. M. V. Roscoe and her students from 1928-1940 and Dr. H. P. Banks and his students from 1940-1946. In 1946 a large collection was being assembled by Mr. David Erskine, who catalogued the Flora of Wolfville and vicinity. During Dr. E. C. Smith's tenure at Acadia (1947-1971) the number of specimens grew from 20,000 sheets to over 70,000. In 1970, Acadia University's Board of Governors announced that the department's excellent collection of plants would be named the E. C. Smith Herbarium as tribute to him for his contributions to the collection.

Date Published Jun 17, 2014
Version 7 (Latest)
Darwin Core Archive download (4 MB ) 54179 records
EML download (12 KB)
RTF download (11 KB)
GBIF Registration e8a25a42-f125-476c-8554-3ec21cd51a84
Organisation Acadia University
Endorsing Node Canada Biodiversity Information Facility
ACAD; E. C. Smith Herbarium; Harriet Irving Botanical Gardens; Cape Breton University; Acadia University; Canada; Nova Scotia; New Brunswick; Maine; Vermont; collection; herbarium; specimens; Canadensys; Occurrence; Specimen
Metadata Language English
Resource Language English
Resource Contact
NameRodger Evans
PositionDirector - E. C. Smith Herbarium
OrganisationAcadia University
Address 33 Westwood Avenue, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, CANADA, Postal Code: B4P 2R6
Contactrodger.evans@acadiau.ca Telephone: 902-585-1710
Home Pagehttp://herbarium.acadiau.ca/
Resource Creator
NameRuth Newell
PositionCurator - E. C. Smith Herbarium
OrganisationAcadia University
Address , Wolfville, Nova Scotia, CANADA, Postal Code: B4P 2R6
Contactruth.newell@acadiau.ca Telephone: 902-585-1335
Metadata Provider
NameChrista Pufahl
PositionOn sabbatical
Associated Party 1
NameSteve MacNeil
PositionIT Consultant
Address , Wolfville, Nova Scotia, CANADA
Role Programmer
Associated Party 2
NameJennifer Richard
PositionConsulting Librarian
OrganisationAcadia University
Address , Wolfville, Nova Scotia, CANADA
Role Originator
Associated Party 3
OrganisationAcadia University
Address 33 Westwood Avenue, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, CANADA, Postal Code: B4P 2R6
Role Publisher
Geographic Coverage
DescriptionPrimarily the Flora of the Acadian Forest Region. However, there are smaller collections within the herbarium that stem from research initiatives across the globe.
Bounding Coordinates42.56, 46.31 / -74.12, -59.83 (min, max Latitude / min, max Longitude)
Taxonomic Coverage
Description This dataset includes all vascular plant specimens from the E. C. Smith Herbarium and Cape Breton University teaching collection that have been digitized, databased and geo-referenced. The top 3 families are Cyperaceae (11%), Asteraceae (10%) and Poaceae (8%).
Kingdom Plantae (Plants)
Class Equisetopsida (Vascular plants)
Family Cyperaceae (Sedges), Asteraceae (Sunflowers), Poaceae (Grasses)
Temporal Coverage
Formation Period1854-present
Project Data
TitleE. C. Smith Herbarium Digital Repository
(Personnel) Name Rodger Evans
(Personnel) Role Point Of Contact
FundingVarious; CFI
Sampling Methods
Study ExtentDigitization of Vascular plants from the E. C. Smith Herbarium with a focus on plants of the Acadian Forest Region.
Sampling DescriptionAll data are manually digitized as text from high resolution scans of each herbarium specimen.
Quality ControlRecords are corrected on an ad hoc basis.
Step Description 1Data are entered into the main database through in-house software, some of which is verified electronically (e.g. all taxonomic data using ITIS).
Citation Identifier n/a
Resource Citation n/a
Collection Data
Collection NameE. C. Smith Herbarium
Collection IdentifierACAD
Parent Collection IdentifierACAD
Specimen preservation method Mounted
Alternative Identifiers
Additional Metadata