Natural history museum data on Canadian Arctic marine benthos

Latest version published by Canadian Museum of Nature on May 22, 2018 Canadian Museum of Nature

Complete database of Canadian Arctic marine benthic taxa from the Canadian Museum of Nature (Canada) and National Museum of Natural History – Smithsonian Institution(USA). This database is related to the publication "Roy V., Gagnon J.-M. (2016) Natural history museum data on Canadian Arctic marine benthos. Marine Biodiversity. doi: 10.1007/s12526-016-0610-2". Data from the Canadian Museum of Nature are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License. Total of 6002 specimen records. Data from National Museum of Natural History – Smithsonian Institution are licensed under Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Total of 240 specimen records.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 6,242 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 6,242 records in English (233 KB) - Update frequency: as needed
Metadata as an EML file download in English (19 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (15 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Roy V (2016): Natural history museum data on Canadian Arctic marine benthos. v2.3. Canadian Museum of Nature. Dataset/Occurrence. https://doi.org/10.5886/nb9hje

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Canadian Museum of Nature. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: eaf9401e-a5e3-4a27-89ad-2d6ac6559167.  Canadian Museum of Nature publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Canada Biodiversity Information Facility.

Keywords

Canadian Arctic; marine benthos; invertebrates; natural history collection; museum; Canadian Museum of Nature; National Museum of Natural History – Smithsonian Institution; Specimen

External data

The resource data is also available in other formats

Old Canadensys explorerhttp://data.canadensys.net/explorer/d/cmn-arctic-marine-benthos UTF-8 HTML
Canadensys Explorerhttp://explorer.canadensys.net/occurrences/search?q=data_resource_uid:dr24#tab_mapView UTF-8 HTML

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Virginie Roy
W. Garfield Weston Postdoctoral Fellow in Arctic Research
Canadian Museum of Nature 1740 Pink road J9J 3N7 Gatineau Québec CA 613-566-4263
http://nature.ca/en/research-collections/science-experts/virginie-roy

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Virginie Roy
W. Garfield Weston Postdoctoral Fellow in Arctic Research
Canadian Museum of Nature 1740 Pink road J9J 3N7 Gatineau Québec CA 613-566-4263
http://nature.ca/en/research-collections/science-experts/virginie-roy
Jean-Marc Gagnon
Curator, Invertebrates, Zoology
Canadian Museum of Nature 1740 Pink road J9J 3N7 Gatineau Québec CA 613-364-4066
http://nature.ca/en/research-collections/science-experts/jean-marc-gagnon

Who filled in the metadata:

Virginie Roy
W. Garfield Weston Postdoctoral Fellow in Arctic Research
Canadian Museum of Nature 1740 Pink road J9J 3N7 Gatineau Québec CA 613-566-4263
http://nature.ca/en/research-collections/science-experts/virginie-roy

Who else was associated with the resource:

Point Of Contact
Virginie Roy
W. Garfield Weston Postdoctoral Fellow in Arctic Research
Canadian Museum of Nature 1740 Pink road J9J 3N7 Gatineau Québec CA 613-566-4263
http://nature.ca/en/research-collections/science-experts/virginie-roy
Custodian Steward
Jean-Marc Gagnon
Curator, Invertebrates, Zoology
Canadian Museum of Nature 1740 Pink road J9J 3N7 Gatineau Québec CA 613-364-4066
http://nature.ca/en/research-collections/science-experts/jean-marc-gagnon

Geographic Coverage

The Canadian Arctic marine environment is subdivided in five biogeographic units as per Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s Arctic Biogeographic Units (DFO 2009): Arctic Archipelago, Arctic Basin, Eastern Arctic, Western Arctic and Hudson Bay Complex. Western, Northern and Eastern limits of the study area correspond to the Canadian Arctic Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). DFO (2009) Development of a Framework and Principles for the Biogeographic Classification of Canadian Marine Areas. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2009/056, 17 pp.

Bounding Coordinates South West [50.61, -140.78], North East [83.38, -51.87]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Phylum  Arthropoda (Arthropod),  Bryozoa (Bryozoan),  Echinodermata (Echinoderm),  Cnidaria (Cnidarian)
Class  Polychaeta (Polychaete),  Bivalvia (Bivalve),  Gastropoda (Gastropod)

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1892-01-01 / 2013-01-01

Project Data

The present study compiles historical museum records from the Canadian Museum of Nature (6,002 records) and from the US National Museum of Natural History – Smithsonian Institution (240 records) on marine benthic taxa collected in the Canadian Arctic. The present museum datasets together cover a total of 774 taxa collected over 100 years with most of the specimens being collected between 1920’s and 1980’s in the Hudson Bay Complex and Eastern Arctic regions.

Title Natural history museum data on Canadian Arctic marine benthos
Identifier cmn-arctic-marine-benthos
Funding This project was funded through the W. Garfield Weston Postdoctoral Fellow in Arctic Research received by VR and through research funds to JMG from the Canadian Museum of Nature.

The personnel involved in the project:

Point Of Contact
Roy Virginie
Custodian Steward
Gagnon Jean-Marc

Sampling Methods

The dataset compiles historical museum records from the Canadian Museum of Nature (6,002 records) and from the US National Museum of Natural History – Smithsonian Institution (240 records) on marine benthic taxa collected in the Canadian Arctic. The dataset includes specimen records for the study area (i.e., the Canadian Arctic) that were, as of July 2015, catalogued and available electronically.

Study Extent The Canadian Arctic marine environment is subdivided in five biogeographic units as per Fisheries and Oceans Canada’s Arctic Biogeographic Units (DFO 2009): Arctic Archipelago, Arctic Basin, Eastern Arctic, Western Arctic and Hudson Bay Complex (Fig. 1). Western, Northern and Eastern limits of the study area correspond to the Canadian Arctic Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). DFO (2009) Development of a Framework and Principles for the Biogeographic Classification of Canadian Marine Areas. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2009/056, 17 pp.
Quality Control Several steps were necessary to clean and to deliver the most informative database for future users. Firstly, only records having geographic coordinates were selected. Secondly, pelagic invertebrate taxa (e.g., Appendicularia, Chaetognatha, Copepoda, Ctenophora, Gymnosomata, Hyperiidae, Scyphozoa) and occasionally supra-benthic invertebrate taxa (e.g., Euphausiacea, Mysida) were removed. We did not attempt to distinguish meio- from macro-, and macro- from mega-benthic taxa. All size categories of benthos are therefore considered in the present museum database. Thirdly, because most of the specimen records did not have associated depth value, we used the bathymetry relief model of ETOPO1 (Amante and Eakins 2009) and Spatial Analyst/Extraction Tool in ArcGIS 10.2 (ESRI 2013) to add depth values to selected records. In both museum datasets, some marine specimen records had geographic coordinates located on the land. This problem is quite common for historical biodiversity records when the field collector did not record geographic coordinates and inaccurate coordinates were assigned afterwards during the data entry process. To address that issue without deleting all the “inland” records, we created a buffer zone of 20 km in the marine-to-land transitional zone using Analysis/Buffer tool in ArcGIS 10.2 (ESRI 2013). A depth value of 0 m was given to records located within the 20-km buffer zone that were missing depth values. Finally, taxonomic names were verified using the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS Editorial Board 2016). Over the 100-years collection history of the two museums, several currently unaccepted taxonomic names in WoRMS were present in our datasets. To not over-estimate the total number of taxa, we only used the latest accepted taxonomic name found in WoRMS to compile the faunal inventory of 774 taxa. We provide, however, in the dataset the “original” taxonomic terms along with the “WoRMS” accepted taxonomic names.

Method step description:

  1. Several steps were necessary to clean and to deliver the most informative database for future users. Firstly, only records having geographic coordinates were selected. Secondly, pelagic invertebrate taxa (e.g., Appendicularia, Chaetognatha, Copepoda, Ctenophora, Gymnosomata, Hyperiidae, Scyphozoa) and occasionally supra-benthic invertebrate taxa (e.g., Euphausiacea, Mysida) were removed. We did not attempt to distinguish meio- from macro-, and macro- from mega-benthic taxa. All size categories of benthos are therefore considered in the present museum database. Thirdly, because most of the specimen records did not have associated depth value, we used the bathymetry relief model of ETOPO1 (Amante and Eakins 2009) and Spatial Analyst/Extraction Tool in ArcGIS 10.2 (ESRI 2013) to add depth values to selected records. In both museum datasets, some marine specimen records had geographic coordinates located on the land. This problem is quite common for historical biodiversity records when the field collector did not record geographic coordinates and inaccurate coordinates were assigned afterwards during the data entry process. To address that issue without deleting all the “inland” records, we created a buffer zone of 20 km in the marine-to-land transitional zone using Analysis/Buffer tool in ArcGIS 10.2 (ESRI 2013). A depth value of 0 m was given to records located within the 20-km buffer zone that were missing depth values. Finally, taxonomic names were verified using the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS Editorial Board 2016). Over the 100-years collection history of the two museums, several currently unaccepted taxonomic names in WoRMS were present in our datasets. To not over-estimate the total number of taxa, we only used the latest accepted taxonomic name found in WoRMS to compile the faunal inventory of 774 taxa. We provide, however, in the dataset the “original” taxonomic terms along with the “WoRMS” accepted taxonomic names.

Collection Data

Collection Name Invertebrate Collection, Zoology Collection, Canadian Museum of Nature
Specimen preservation methods Formalin

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Roy V., Gagnon J.-M. 2016. Natural history museum data on Canadian Arctic marine benthos. Marine Biodiversity. doi: 10.1007/s12526-016-0610-2 http://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-016-0610-2

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers doi:10.5886/nb9hje
eaf9401e-a5e3-4a27-89ad-2d6ac6559167
http://data.canadensys.net/ipt/resource?r=cmn-arctic-marine-benthos